The pace of technological and digital change has gone into overdrive over the past two decades. The ways in which we work, shop, play and communicate are being revolutionised at regular intervals - and this shows no sign of abating.
Businesses that don't choose to keep up with this evolution run the risk of being left behind.
Richard Lucas is founder and managing director of Discerning Digital, based in Manchester's King Street.
He established the company in 2012 to enable companies to develop new revenue streams, create new products and institute change across their organisations through successful digital transformation.
Here he gives his opinions on the state of the sector today.
"While I believe that every business should consider themselves a digital business, often this isn’t the case.
"Many of the businesses I speak with are just at the beginning of a digital transformation process, and many more are not fully aware of the risks of failing to embed digital at their core, or indeed of the enormous advantages of doing so.
"I think what’s key to this failing is the perception that digital is about technology or reserved for technology businesses. For me, digital is, and always has been, about your customers.
"The advent of mobile devices has created an always-on consumer, one who wants to do their banking on the bus, talk directly to their favourite brands on social media and get peer-to-peer reviews on products and services.
"The levels of convenience, service and personalisation of big digital players like Amazon and Google have (perhaps unfairly) raised the expectations of customers, and even corporate buyers are demanding more from their interactions with businesses.
"You may not consider your business to be digital but your customers almost certainly are, and if you don’t think your business is digital, then you aren’t truly focussing on your customers.
"If you’re trying to engage the connected customer, digitisation matters to your business.
"Digital disruption typically arrives in waves, and it’s only a matter of time before all industries feel its effect.
Some of the earliest industries affected include media and publishing, and their increasing digital maturity can be seen in the streaming services and online content platforms we now enjoy.
"More traditional industries are now feeling the impact. Professional services including law and accountancy are under pressure to get to grips with the risks posed to their models by these innovations.
"Automation technologies are already picking off lower grade tasks which don’t require specialist input and I know of law firms in Manchester who are experimenting with AI to improve their customer service.
"Such experimentation will change how these types of businesses operate, as well as their customer base and hiring practices. It could even move the needle on training and education for their industries, with more specialist skills gaining value, while certain functions will become fully automated.
"Engaging more connected services also means data is fast becoming a digital pressure point. With such businesses processing and handling vast volumes of sensitive customer information, data is already a major area of digital risk.
If you don't think your business is digital, you aren't focusing on your customers.
"Not only do we have data that proves what the benefits of digital are, we have alarming predictions about the fate of businesses who fail to keep apace.
"Altimeter’s inaugural ‘State of Digital Transformation’ report found the benefits of digital transformation to be a 63% increase in customer satisfaction, 49% uplift in lead generation and 46% increase in conversions.
"Capgemini and MIT Sloan Management Reviews research, ‘How digital leaders outperform their peers in every industry’ draws compelling conclusions about the business benefits of digital transformation, demonstrating that more digitally-mature companies enjoy greater profitability, higher revenue generation and higher market valuations.
On the reverse:
At least 40% of all businesses will die in the next 10 years, if they don’t figure out how to change their entire company to accommodate new technologies.
John Chambers, Cisco chairman
"I’d advise that you:
If I could give one key area for businesses to focus on when thinking about digital, data would be it.
"Too many businesses are unprepared, or worse, unaware of their legal responsibilities surrounding the processing of data.
"With newer, tighter EU data legislation due next year, this is one of the most urgent areas I am having conversations in. It's imperative that you begin to audit your data processes and invest in robust data governance and management to meet this deadline.
"Beyond compliance, getting to grips with your data can help you unlock the value hidden within for data-driven innovations, from creating new products and identifying new market opportunities, to getting a deeper understanding of your customers. Investing in this level of digital insight could be what accelerates your competitive edge".
(An edited version of this interview was published on Greater Manchester Business Week.)